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|Posted on July 26, 2014 at 7:42 PM||comments (145)|
The conventional wisdom is that writers, authors, musicians, rappers, etc. should only undertake subject matter which they know. However, this is not necessarily true.
Nobel laureate Toni Morrison, author of the masterpiece Beloved and other works, disagrees with this advice. She believes writers should write about what they don't know.
It all depends on the writer. One of the greatest writers and literary geniuses of all time, William Shakespeare, was not afraid to write about what he did not know. He did not know from personal experience what is what like to be an Italian, a Jew, a woman, a Black man, etc. However, he brilliantly made such characters relatable to his readers.
The bottom line is that writers should write what they want to write about. With enough imagination, they can have great success and highly believable characters.
|Posted on July 15, 2014 at 1:38 PM||comments (23)|
Writing tip number five is similar to writing tip number four: Know Your Audience. When addressing a general audience, refrain as far as possible from using foreign words or phrases. (Some writers go so far as to use foreign sentences and paragraphs, leaving many of their readers completely baffled.)
It is also a good idea to not use English words that are too rare, big or difficult to pronounce. A friend of mine used to say, "If you have an advanced vocabulary, you might as well use it." However, how would it benefit the communicator if the audience with whom she is trying to communicate cannot understand her?
Do not try to appear intellectually deep by using obscure words or incomprehensible jargon. This is not necessary. On the contrary, a wise man once said, "It is better to be profound in clear terms than in obscure terms." Indeed, by trying to appear especially deep, the writer might merely come off as arrogant, pretentious, and pedantic.
|Posted on July 1, 2014 at 10:38 AM||comments (9)|
Many speakers and writers deliver speeches and articles without being aware of what kinds of people are in their target audience. This can be disastrous.
A good example of a writer not knowing her audience would be an Intelligent Design advocate or a young-Earth creationist writing an article to be submitted to a prestigious journal such as SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN or SCIENCE. The writer would have no serious chance of being published unless the editors of such journals wanted to warn their readers about what NOT to accept.
When submitting articles, writers should know what kinds of journals in which they are seeking publication, who the general readers are, the philosophy of the editors of the journal, etc. This way, even if the writer wants to address an audience that could be hostile to her message, she could still tailor the message in such a way that it would receive less hostility, or possibly, even acceptance.
|Posted on May 24, 2014 at 9:32 AM||comments (4)|
Some writers make the mistake of using a double negative. Examples of double negatives are:
"Don't ask me for nothing."
(Correction: Don't ask me for anything.)
"We don't have nothing."
(Correction: We don't have anything, or, We have nothing.)
"Can't nobody hold me down."
(Correction: No one can hold me down.)
In the last sentence, not only is the grammar atrocious, but the syntax is wrong. Proper sentence construction is a must if the writer is to be taken seriously.
Then there is that rare bird, the triple negative. For example:
"I'm not battling nobody no more."
(Correction: I am no longer battling anyone.)
Remember to avoid the double or triple negative at all costs. There is no need to go for added emphasis. A single "negative" will suffice.
|Posted on May 17, 2014 at 9:54 PM||comments (5)|
Many people continue to write with a masculine bias. For example, they will write "A man must learn to assert himself in all things," when such a statement certainly applies to women as well. Or they might write of "man" or "mankind," when to be respectfully inclusive, they could just as easily write of humanity or humankind.
Moreover, many people continue to assume that only men are to be found in certain professions. That is to say, they might write of salesmen rather than salespersons, chairmen as opposed to chairpersons (or even chairs), mailmen instead of mail carriers, firemen instead of firefighters, etc.
Do not be reluctant to use "he or she," 'his or hers" and "him or her." (For example, "A person is likely to be hurt in certain instances. He or she must take certain precautions.") Or you might use "she or he" or "hers or his," whereas "her or him" does not flow easily.
Furthermore, a person could use the word "one" to be gender neutral. For example, "one must always do one's best," rather than "a man must always do his best."
Using a masculine bias is disrespectful toward girls and women. It is popular today for many men to complain about alleged "political correctness" whenever they want to defend sexist language and practices. However, what I am advocating is simply respect for girls and women, and inclusivity. Always recognize the common moral decency of simple respect, and strive to be accurate, fair and inclusive. That is not political, but it is morally correct.
|Posted on May 10, 2014 at 5:38 PM||comments (58)|
Everyone has to write at some time. However, written communication, sadly, is a dying art. On any given day one can identify numerous errors in spelling, grammar, punctuation, etc. in emails, Web posts, on social media sites, and so forth.
For that reason, I have decided to do my part to help improve this dire situation. My first writing tip will have to do with tone. Too often, especially in email correspondence, in comments sections on Websites, etc. writers tend to be rude, crude, disrespectful, hateful, etc. Some even go so far as to issue threats of rape, torture and murder.
Some people express themselves differently in writing than they do when speaking. This is not necessarily conscious or intentional on their part. This difference is especially noticeable when they are making comments anonymously on Websites, etc.
However, it is a good idea to remember not to express yourself in writing in a way that you would never do when speaking with someone face-to-face. Common courtesy is the key. This is not to say that there are never times when we are justified in expressing anger in speech or writing. The point is to understand that if we are trying to communicate effectively, we usually have to do so respectfully. Being disrespectful can ruin an otherwise excellent point and make you look bad in the eyes of those that might have otherwise supported your cause.
|Posted on September 3, 2013 at 6:40 PM||comments (2)|
The new football season is finally upon us. As a fan of the Pittsburgh Steelers, I am especially curious as to how they will do. They are in the same division as the NFL champions, the Baltimore Ravens. The Ravens have lost such stalwarts as linebacker Ray Lewis (to retirement) and safety Ed Reed (to the Houston Texans.)
Then there are the Cincinnati Bengals. They have a top-ten defense, and exciting players in quarterback Andy Dalton and wide receiver A.J. Green. They eliminated the Steelers from playoff contention, and they are ready to go for another season.
There are other intriguing stories. How will the Denver Broncos do without Elvis Dumervil (who departed for another team due to an erroneous fax transmission) and Vonn Miller (lost to a suspension?)
How about my second favorite team, the Buffalo Bills? They have a disgruntled safety, Jairus Byrd, perhaps their best defensive player, who wanted a contract exension. Lineman Eric Wood just signed a contract extension, but their offensive line is unproven. They have excitng new receivers in Robert Wood and Marquise Goodwin, but they are rookies, and wide receiver is one of the hardest positions to learn. Finally, there is E.J. Manuel and Jeff Tuel, their two rookie quarterbacks. If Tuel starts, he will be the first undrafted rookie to start an NFL game since the modern draft. (And he would have to play against the defensive guru Bill Belicick.)
So, it is that time again. "Let's get this party started quickly. Right?"
|Posted on November 2, 2012 at 7:43 AM||comments (14)|
American football is America's real national past time. Baseball has long lost this coveted title. People constantly complain that fewer African Americans are playing organized baseball. They give many reasons for this state of affairs. However, reason number one has to be that many African Americans, like many Americans of all backgrounds, find baseball to be rather boring. Football and basketball offer far more excitement.
Many girls and women are football fans, too. They are found braving the elements at games, watching on television, etc. In some cases, wives know more about the game than do their husbands. This is why I cringe every time I hear the term "12th man" when referring to fans of the home team. Men are not the only ones loudly willing their team to victory.
This blog will be for anyone interested in the National Football League. All kinds of insights and opinions are welcome. We are the midway point of the season, so there is still a lot of football to discuss.
Let's have at it.